It is not known exactly by which architect the Aziziye mosque, which differs from the mosques in the same area with the material it is used, was designed. The mosque model, which has managed to become the center of attention with both its architecture and its story, can be made by our company.
The mosque model, which can be built in larger or smaller sizes, can be arranged by our company according to the request of the person. Let’s get to know a little more about Aziziye Mosque, which can be built according to the customer’s request.
Aziziye Mosque History
Aziziye Mosque The mosque was built in 1874 in Konya Bazaar. It is a building built in the 16th century. This mosque, which is among the most famous mosques of the Ottoman Empire period, was built on the basis of the Turkish Baroque architectural style. Aziziye Mosque is in the province of Konya. The mosque built by Sheikh Ahmet was burned in the 16th century due to fire. For this reason, the mosque was rebuilt in 1867 by the mother of Sultan Abdulaziz,
The Aziziye Mosque, which has managed to survive with all its originality until today, took 5 years to build since its construction started in 1671. So, Aziziye Mosque was built in Konya by Sheikh Ahmet in 1671-1676. The most striking feature of the mosque is that the windows are larger than the doors. The reason for this is to ensure that the mosque receives more light during the winter months.
The mosque model, which has a different appearance at any time of the day, was severely damaged by the fire in 1867. After this fire, the mosque was completely destroyed along with the ruins and a new one was built in its place. It was built again to meet the worship needs of the people and to increase the income of the foundation.
What Material Was the Aziziye Mosque Made Of?
In the construction of the Aziziye mosque, cut ore stone was used. Smooth stone was applied on the foundation of the mosque, which is a high structure, and on the walls on all its facades. In addition, different materials were preferred for the architectural elements of the mosque.
The mihrab and the pulpit are made of bluish-colored marble. This marble is called a meteorite. The preaching chair, which was added later, was created using wood. Our company specially produces these elements based on different materials and patterns. Depending on the preference of the person, architectural elements with different designs can be used in the mosque.
The Architecture of Aziziye Mosque
Aziziye Mosque Konya has very important architectural features. The mosque is completely single-story and appears as a tall building. The center of the building is provided with a single dome, and around the dome, there are eight towers, two minarets, the last congregation place, and the bases combined with the minaret pedestals.
There is no courtyard in the mosque. The Aziziye Mosque differs in form and architecture from different Ottoman structures. This change appears in the architectural form of the building. The reason for this is that the building was built on the basis of baroque, rococo, and empire styles.
Aziziye Mosque has prism-shaped weight towers at the corners. The colonnades in the corners of the towers are carried by deaf arches. The upper part of these structures is designed as a cone. These towers are stated as an effect of the rococo style used in the mosque.
There is an entrance door in the middle of the building’s north, east, and west facades. In other words, the main entrance door of the mosque, which has a total of 3 entrance doors, is in the middle of the last congregation place in the north. There is the mahfil floor in the upper part of the northern entrance of the harim, the imam’s room on the left, and the muezzin mahfil in the upper part.
There is a mihrab in the middle of the south façade, a pulpit in the east, and a pulpit in the west. According to the request of the person, the places where these elements are located can be changed by our company within the rules. The carrier system of the harim ensures that the mosque is solid and strong.
Aziziye Mosque, which has a square plan form, has eight piers on its interior walls and three sliced buttresses in line with the outer half-round piers. These buttresses are connected to each other with belts, and as a result of this connection, a pulley comes out.
Half domes and half-round piers were used to carry the dome. While half-round piers are used at the corners, these piers are combined with half-domes to form an octagonal frame. On this pulley, it is ensured that the dome is seated in a solid and healthy way.
The Harim has two windows on each façade, in four directions. Eight windows in total are in the form of round arches and on a large scale. Eight round-arched windows in the dome drum are used to illuminate the interior.
The door scale on the facades is smaller than the window scale. The decorations on the windows reflect the baroque-style features. The northern façade of the Aziziye mosque includes the last congregation place, terminated by the eastern and western minaret pedestals.
There is a five-arched opening in front of the Aziziye mosque. In the design of this opening, an application was made in a different style from the other structures in Konya. The arch in the middle was built wider and higher than the other arches.
The ones next to the middle arches are quite narrow and low. The arches on the side have a wider and higher arch structure compared to them. The height of the arch in the middle also enabled the dome in the middle to be higher than the other domes. This section is particularly emphasized.
The last congregation place in the Aziziye mosque is carried by columns. The ancient and effective capitals on the arches were made with the influence of the imperial style. Column capitals are decorated with acanthus leaves and oyster forms. While the acanthus leaves are designed to open upwards from the bottom, the oyster-shaped volutes are placed in the space between them.
Mosque minarets are located on the east and west corners. On the pedestals of these minarets, there are adjacent fountains. The fountains are made of sille stone and marble materials. However, sille stone is only found enough to cover the warehouses. There is no inscription in the mosque, but the dates are written on the bursa arches in the corners.
Its height from the ground was determined as 1.73 meters. There are two feet in the head and one foot in the middle. The headboards on the legs are decorated using floral motifs. The fountain stones of the mosque are also decorated with embossed vegetal motifs.
Bursa arch is located on each faucet and these fountains are active. There is a harim entrance door on the north side of the mosque. The decorations on this door reflect the Ottoman Late Period decoration features. To decorate the entrance door of the sanctuary, colonnettes with wiping edges, jamb arch pediment, very high relief folded branch rosettes, palmettes and floral motifs were used.
Only motifs were used for decoration. In addition, monogram gilding was used to create a different look and concept on the motifs. There is a mihrabiye on both sides of the entrance and a round-arched window slightly larger than the door. The dimensions are determined based on the baroque style.
There are six half-round piers on the northern façade of the Aziziye mosque. At the entrance, there is the tughra of Sultan Abdulaziz. The east and west facades of the mosque are symmetrical. There are two arch forms on each façade, and these arches were built to accommodate large windows based on the baroque style.
Since it was desired to make lightning in the middle of the east and west facades, a lightning belt was created from the sides. The bottom of these arches was evaluated by making side entrances. Although the Ottoman turret on the pediments has been removed, the four semi-circular columns on the façades stand in all their splendor.
While making the column headings, the empiric style feature was used. These column capitals are surrounded horizontally on three facades. While the east and west facades are symmetrical and have the same characteristics, the south facade differs from these facades with the mihrab protrusion in the door assembly.
The minarets on the east and west corners have the same characteristics. While passing from the shoe part to the body with horizontal moldings, the body is also animated with vertical moldings. The transition to the Cheers section takes place with rose decorations, acanthus, and acanthus leaf decorations.
Aziziye mosque decorations are generally embellished in relief. In addition, the ornaments create a different pattern by opening from the bottom to the top. In particular, the ornamental varieties we encounter appear in a plastic form processed as a relief.
Column bases were used as structures connecting the balcony to the dome. Although there is a certain amount of space between these structures, these spaces were filled using oyster forms. These oyster forms have 8 on each cheer. For this reason, there are sixteen oyster models on the minarets of the mosques.
There are balustrades on the cheers and these balustrades are decorated with the geometric lattice technique. The perimeter of the honeycomb is combined by connecting eight marble columns with antique capitals to each other with arches. These columns were made especially in the baldachin style. The column tops were covered with a horizontal and conical cone to complete the structure.
As in other sections, different decorations were created on the minaret by taking various places as examples. The ornaments for the minaret were made with the influences of Far East Indian and baroque art. For this reason, minarets reflect eclectic artistic features.
The entrance gate is located in the middle of the northern wall of the sanctuary, which is covered with a central dome. Just above the entrance door, there is the mahfil floor. The entrance to the mahfil floor is accessible via stone stairs placed on both sides. Since these stairs sit on the north facade walls, they have a very strong and durable structure but are close to using.
The carrier system of the mosque sits on the walls of the northern façade. The mahfil, on the other hand, carries 4 columns that attract attention with their ancient capitals in the south. Columns are connected to each other with arches, making the structure more robust. One of the important features of the mahfil floor is that it has a semicircular protrusion in the direction of the mihrab section.
The mahfil railing has a curved form and is decorated with this form. On the left part of the mahfil, there is the imam’s room and on this part, there is the muezzin mahfil. On the right side of the mosque, there is a special section for women and this section was covered with a curtain to be privatized. Aziziye mosque, which has a symmetrical feature, can be built with larger or smaller proportions. Our company, which works with expert teams, creates aesthetic structures by using decoration and construction techniques in the professional field. You can choose our company to create a mosque model like the Aziziye mosque.
Architectural Elements in Aziziye Mosque
The architectural elements in the Aziziye mosque are designed to integrate with the area. Particularly marble-based elements attract attention with their unique features and provide ease of use with their quality structure and materials.
The patterns preferred in the mosque were designed based on the understanding of that period and were created to appeal to the architecture of the mosque. The places where these elements are placed in traditional places. Products decorated with various ornaments can be listed as follows:
The mihrab is located between two pillars in the middle of the south wall. The large-scale product was made using a kind of marble called a meteorite, which has a bluish color. It was decorated based on the characteristics of the period, such as the entrance door of the sanctuary on the northern façade.
On the edges of the niches in the product, there are two antique-headed sliced columns. The niche is embossed and decorated with oil lamps and herbal leaves. The kavsara part of the product is decorated with an oyster shell model.
In the pediment section of the mihrab, the mihrab verse and the Word-i Tawhid are written. The crown of the product is enclosed in a round belt. There is a crescent motif in the belt gap. The belt is surrounded by floral motifs, creating a pleasant appearance.
The pulpit was built using bluish marble like the mihrab. This product, located to the west of the mihrab, is decorated with a high relief technique in a right triangle in the middle of the side mirror section. The ornaments on the pulpit are based on curved branches.
The skirting section is a pointed arch with four openings. Geometric eight-pointed stars are embroidered on the side rails in a stone cage technique, adding vitality to the product. The entrance section contains two ancient capitalized columns. The throne of the Qur’an was made in the style of baldachin as a pointed arch on four columns, and a pear cone was placed after it was crowned.
The sermon platform, which attracts attention with the motifs and decorations on it, does not contain similar architectural features as the mihrab and the pulpit, since it was built later. In addition, wooden material was preferred for the preaching platform instead of the marble material used in these products.
Why Does Aziziye Mosque Differ From Other Mosques?
Aziziye Mosque was built in Konya based on an eclectic style. The mosque built in the late period draws attention as an Ottoman mosque and is known as the only mosque built in baroque style outside of Istanbul. These mosque decorations, which we are not accustomed to seeing in Konya, reflect the characteristics of the late Ottoman period.
In addition, some traditions such as the application of dome writing in the mosque were not followed. The dome is decorated with a curtain motif, which is moved only by zencerek. This building, which was created in the 19th century, was produced without a specific style and appears as a different structure that tried different innovations in mosque architecture.
While the Ottoman Empire was losing land, the fact that it built an important structure in this area shows the power of the state. It was built in a mixed, eclectic style, with the combination of the baroque style, which was included in the Ottoman architecture from the 18th century, with the rococo style of the 19th century. Aziziye Mosque is of great importance as the last great Ottoman structure built in Konya.