Qutub Minar, which is the tallest brick minaret in India, is 50 meters above the Quwwaii’i-Islam Mosque in Delhi. The minaret, which is a monument of victory built in the 13th century, is located in the south.
The minaret, which is considered one of the masterpieces of Indo-Islamic architecture, is 72.5 m. With its height, it remained the tallest structure in India until the construction of the Taj Mahal in the 14th century.
The work, whose construction was started by Kutbiddin Aybek, who conquered Delhi on behalf of the Gurlu ruler, as a symbol of the victory of Islam in India; It was completed by his son-in-law, Şemseddin İltutmuş, who became the Sultan of Delhi after him; During the repair in 1368, it was made 5 floors. It carries the traces of Seljuk, Gurlu and Ghaznavid architecture.
The minaret was named Qutub Minar after the burial of the saint Kutbiddin-i Bahtiyar Kaki in 1235.
Since 1993, Qutub Minar and the monuments around it have been on the UNESCO World Heritage list.
Tallest Brick Minaret in India
The minaret, which has a narrowing five-storied body, is a detached structure. The first three floors are of red sandstone, the fourth and fifth floors are mostly of marble; Between each floor there are four balconies decorated with stalactites and inscription belts.
Its base diameter is 14.42 m. Its height is 72.59 m in its current form. The diameter of the Qutub Minar at the top is 2 meters.
The top of the first floor, which was built during the reign of Kutbiddin Aybek, is full of praises to Gurlu Muhammed.
Kutbiddin Aybek, who was the commander of Gurlu Muhammed’s army in Gazne at that time, started the construction of the Qutub Minaret after he conquered Delhi in 1193. Kutbeddin Aybeg is the founder of the Turkish Delhi Sultanate. The minaret, which is thought to be the symbol of the victory of Islam in India, is 50 m. was built to the south. Only the first floor could be completed while Aybek was alive. Aybek’s son-in-law, Sultan İltutmuş, had the building completed in four floors by adding three more floors.
The fourth floor of Qutub Minaret was burned by a lightning strike during the reign of Firuz Shah Tugluk. During the repair in 1368, the fifth floor was added along with the fourth.
The building, which did not have a special name at the beginning, started to be called Qutub Minar after Kutbiddin-i Bahtiyar Kaki was buried near the minaret in 1235.
Alaeddin Halaci started the construction of a second minaret, which was within the structure of the mosque and was intended to surpass the Qutub Minar with its dimensions; but was left unfinished upon his death.
Qutb Minar entered the UNESCO World Heritage high school in 1993, with the monuments around it, at the 17th session of the World Heritage Committee.